“One Health” is a public health approach that considers the health of humans, animals and the environment in all policies and programmes. For example, most new infectious diseases emerge in animals, many epidemics in humans start with the exposure of a human to an infected animal, and the environment can greatly alter the susceptibility and exposure of humans to diseases present in animals, insects, plants, or other sources. Africa CDC has incorporated the One Health approach into its work by:
- Co-chairing an African Union Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance with the Inter-Africa Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR). The task force includes all African Union agencies involved in animal, environmental and plant issues and works to strengthen coordination and collaboration on issues related to antimicrobial resistance.
- Conducting surveillance for public health events involving animals and issuing a weekly internal report that describes these events and assesses their risk to human health.
- Assessing capacity of human and animal health laboratories in Africa for accurate diagnosis of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance.
- Developing guidance for National Public Health Institutes to incorporate zoonotic diseases and One Health activities into their surveillance, emergency preparedness, workforce development, and disease control programmes.